Since time immemorial, India has an been agrarian country and Cow has been its backbone. When fertilizers and tractors were unknown, cow was the only source sustaining entire agriculture. Without cows agriculture wouldn’t have been possible. Cows provided the source of Fertilizer (Cow Dung Compost) while Bulls ploughed the land. Additionally Cows provided milk and milk based products, which fetched good commercial value.
For last few decades, especially since Green Revolution and usage of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and tractors, have dealt a massive blow to importance of cows in agriculture. While productivity levels have improved in short term, it has damaged the farming ecosystem. The damage has been so extensive that now it requires a major overhaul, for which Cow based Organic farming is the only remedy. Not only the artificial chemical fertilizers are damaging the soil and water, but they are also very expensive when compared to Cow based natural fertilizers. Due to this dangerous drive for usage of high productivity and chemical fertilizers, farmers have been lured into believing that they don’t need Cows any more. Which has accentuated the agrarian crisis leading to literally thousands of farmer suicides and banks in distress who lend money to them.
To understand how Cow based agriculture model works, let us look at some cow products.