Indian soil is one of the most fertile soils in the world as it has high content of microbes, which are sustained through usage of dung compost. Cow dung compost is used in India for ages to enhance natural health of soil. Soil food web feeds on this compost and promotes natural growth of essential microbes. The long lasting effect of adding compost is that it creates nutrients rich soil essential for growth of plants. Extensive use of dung compost over years has always benefitted Indian farming system as it not only enhances the health of soil but also act as fertilizers for plants.
While compost is used to increase natural health of soil, fertilizers are externally added to soil to act like growth boosters for plants. Fertilizers are full of nutrients that are essential for growth of plants. Fertilizer specifically targets the needs of plant and thus enables their fast growth. They remove the deficiencies and enrich plants with nutrients like potassium, magnesium, calcium & phosphorus.
Grasping this profit making opportunity, companies have developed many fertilizers with different chemical combinations. With brilliant marketing techniques, farmers were lured to use chemical fertilizers. Using these fertilizers helped farmers in initial years. Indian farmers bypassed the traditional compost-fertilizers way of farming & started extensive use of artificially produced chemicals. In long run, Indian farmers are facing their biggest crisis as their yield has gone done. When swarajya tried to identify the reasons behind this we found that.
Overuse of chemical fertilizers have disturbed the microbial flora of soil. While chemical fertilizers enhance the growth of plants they do not feed the soil food web. This eventually deteriorated the soil health as microbes starved to death.
Overuse of chemical fertilizers have resulted in polluting the surrounding environment. Chemicals unabsorbed by plants remain in soil and are washed during rains. They are mixed in nearby lake or pond with the stream of water. The chemicals contaminate the water and settle in water body as they cannot be consumed by the creatures.
We at swarajya have developed an effective solution to produce fertilizers for farmers. We call it Amrit Pani – अमृतपानी. Amrit Pani is prepared with cow dung, cow urine & jaggery (गुड़). It provides following benefits for farmers.
It is thus very important for farmers to produce Amrit Pani, virtually at zero cost, and boost not only the yield but also enhance soil health.